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【音乐批评学、音乐史学与音乐编辑学】胡建&吴凡/关于中国昆剧史研究中“范式”问题的反思

——以我国30年来的明代昆剧史研究为例

  摘要:自20世纪初王国维的《宋元戏曲史》问世,中国戏剧史开始得到学术界的关注,作为对现存最古老剧种的研究,昆剧史无疑是中国戏剧史中的一个重要分支。文章对1980—2012年间我国明代昆剧史学术成果中的主要观点作了简要回顾,重点放在了昆剧史研究中范式问题的反思上,旨在深入探讨中国昆剧史研究中的史料运用、视角选择、历史解释、范式突破等问题。

  关键词:昆剧史;研究现状;范式;新史学;反思

  中图分类号:J607    文献标识码:A   DOI:10.3969/j.issn1003-7721.2013.01.000

  作者简介:胡建(1981—),男,华中师范大学音乐学院讲师,华中师范大学历史文化学院博士生;吴凡(1974—),女,文学博士,华中师范大学音乐学院教授(武汉430079)。

Reflection of the “Paradigm” Issue in Researching the History of Qunju in China 

HU Jian & WU Fan


  Abstract: The history of Chinese drama has got the attention of academic circles since Wang Guowei published the History of Chinese Local Opera in Dynasties of Song and Yuan in early 20th century. As research on the oldest surviving Chinese operas, the history of Chinese Kunqu opera is undoubtedly an important branch of the history of Chinese operas. This paper briefly reviewed the main viewpoints of academic results from the researching on the history of Kunqu in Ming dynasty during 1980~2012, focusing on the reflection on issues of researching paradigm of Kunqu history, aiming to further explored the studying of the Kunqu history with historical materials using, viewing angle selection, historical interpretation, breaking through paradigm and other issues as well.

  Key Words: history of Qunju (kun opera), research status, Paradigm, new historiography, reflection