伟德体育平台-伟德体育网站

【乐律学与音乐考古学】苏勇强&杨晓华/北宋胡瑗入朝校律考

  摘要:胡瑗是北宋初期著名的教育家,与孙复、石介并称为“宋初三先生”。景祐、皇祐年间,胡瑗两次入朝参与乐律校正,引发朝野议论。研究当年的校律定乐情形,可以发现两次定乐既有钟磬、律管的分别,又有阴阳附会的道德评价,绝非简单的音律校定。从两次校律的效果来看,胡瑗只是创造性运用了“管口校正”与管长调整的校音方式,其音律校正效果并不理想。

  关键词:北宋  胡瑗  音律  校定
  中图分类号:J609.2   文献标识码:A    DOI:10.3969/j.issn1003-7721.2013.01.000
  作者简介:苏勇强(1969- ),男,文艺学博士,温州大学人文学院副教授;杨晓华(1989- ),男,温州大学人文学院文艺学2010级硕士生(温州325035)。
  收稿时间:2012—07—09

Textual Research on Hu Yuan Calibrated Temperament in the Court in the Northern Song

SU Yong-qiang&yang xiao-hua


  Abstract: Hu Yuan was an outstanding educator in the early stage of Northern Song Dynasty, got the title of “Three Masters” with Sun Fu and Shi Jie. Hu Yuan went to the Court twice to be involved the work of temperament calibrated in 1034 and 1049 and it caused the discussion both in the court and commonalty. A careful study of the temperament calibrated situation then, it would find there had been two different temperaments of bells chime and pipe respectively, with the conception of Yin and Yang attached to them that resulted of moral evaluation, so that it would not a simple issues of temperament calibration. Reviewed on the practice result of these two of temperament calibrated, Hu Yuan with the others just creative applied the method of temperament calibrated that matched the “mouth of pipe adjust” to the length of pipe, the adjust result of temperament, however, was not perfect according to the writer’s viewpint.

  Key Words: Beisong Dynasty (the Northern Song or Song Dynasty, 960~1127), Hu Yuan (993~1059), temperament, calibrate