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【音乐民族学与艺术治疗学】王建朝/一方女人的音乐世界

——社会性别视角下的伊吾县哈密木卡姆之女性木卡姆奇的调查研究

  摘要:与其它维吾尔族聚居区惯常由男性木卡姆奇传承和传播维吾尔木卡姆的情态相异,哈密地区伊吾县有着一群女性木卡姆奇在传承和传播着属于她们自己世界的木卡姆——哈密木卡姆,并且她们也在历史发展的进程中创造了属于她们自己的一方音乐世界。那么,为什么会产生如此奇特现象?女性木卡姆奇是如何形成的?她们在哈密木卡姆班社中扮演着何种角色?以及她们在生活中究竟演绎着何种音乐行为?本文试图在田野调查的基础上,结合相关文献资料,从社会性别的视角对伊吾县女性木卡姆奇所体现的上述文化现象进行释证,以期填补哈密木卡姆之该层面研究中的不足。

  关键词:社会性别;女性禁忌;哈密木卡姆;女性木卡姆奇
  中图分类号:J607       文献标识码:A   DOI:10.3969/j.issn1003-7721.2013.01.000

  作者简介:王建朝(1979— ),男,文学硕士,新疆师范大学音乐学院讲师、哈萨克斯坦哈萨克—中国研究院讲师(乌鲁木齐 830054)。
  收稿时间:2012-08-05

Investigation on Female Maqamqi of Kumul Mukami in Yiwu County Under the View of Gender    
 

WANG Jian-chao


  Abstract: Different from the other area in Uighur communities usually being male Maqamqi inheritance and dissemination of Uygur Mukam, there is a group of female in Hami region inheritance and dissemination of their own Makam – Kumul mukami, they also created individual music world during the progress of historical development. Then, why would have such a strange phenomenon? How become the female mukam? What is their role played in Kumul mukami combo in Hami? What kind of music played by them in their life? Based on the field work and reference to related documents, this paper discussed cultural phenomenon of female makam in Yiwu County from the viewpoint of Gender. It would add some more information to research Hami mukam.

  Key Words: gender, female taboo, Kumul mukami, female Maqamqi